The general eye doctors at Amman Eye Clinic provide a broad spectrum of eye care, including comprehensive eye examinations and surgical assessments. Patients ranging from teens to old adults with eye problems are seen by these specialists.
Comprehensive Eye Care
A general eye examination involves more than just getting your eyes checked for glasses. It involves several tests to check your eyes for any disease.
The first comprehensive eye examination of a child should be done at 3 years of age unless some eye problem is noticed before that. Your eye doctor will check for normal 20/20 vision, lazy eye and crossed eyes. If any vision problem is found, the next visit will be determined by your doctor. If not, the next eye checkup for your child should be done every two years. Early detection of any eye problem will help provide timely treatment and prevent any complications.
Adults with a normal vision in the age group of
20 to 40 years should go for a general eye examination every 5 years.
40 to 65 years should go every 2 years.
Above 65 years should go every year.
In case you have chronic diseases, such as diabetes, that may affect sight, or a family history of eye disease, more frequent eye checkups would be required.
The general eye examination includes a number of tests to check the function and appearance of different parts of the eye. These include:
- Visual acuity test checks how well you can see from a distance of about 20 feet (6 meters). You are asked to read the letters written on a chart or screen. The letters decrease in size as you read from the top line to the bottom one.
- Refraction test determines the prescription of glasses you need to see better. Your doctor may use a computerized refractor, shine a light into the eye by using what is called (retinoscope), or ask you to look through a variety of lenses in order to determine your prescription of glasses.
- Eye muscle test checks the function of the eye muscles you use to move your eye. The doctor will ask you to look in various directions while performing this test.
- Visual field test measures peripheral or side vision. It may be done by looking into a special machine, and pressing a button when you see flashes of light.
Color vision test: In this test, your doctor will show you certain sheets containing colored dot patterns. In case you have some degree of color blindness, you will not be able to see these patterns on the sheets.
- Slit lamp examination: You are asked to sit down and rest your chin and forehead on a machine called (slit lamp). This machine gives a large image of the eye and allows the doctor to look for any problem in any part of the eye. Sometimes, the doctor may stain your eye with an orange eye drop before examining with the slit lamp to look for cuts, foreign objects or infections.
- Eye pressure test is done as a part of glaucoma assessment. First, your eye is numbed using orange eye drops. Then, your doctor will gently touch your eye using a small tool to measure the eye pressure. Do not worry, this procedure does not hurt.
- Retinal examination is done to check for diseases of the retina or optic nerve present at the back of the eye. At the begining, your doctor will widen your pupil by giving you an eye drop in order to examine the far sides of the retina. This eye drop will cause blurred vision and sensitivity to light for several hours after the test. Then, your eye doctor will shine a light through a lens in front of your eye to perform this test.
However, if any eye disease is detected or suspected, you may be asked to undergo further specific eye tests to confirm the initial test results.